Abstract Factory:

The Abstract Factory pattern is a creational pattern that provides an interface to create families of related or dependent objects without specifying their concrete class. The goal of this pattern is to enable a system to be independent from how its objects are created, composed, and represented. It's all about encapsulation: the client code does not need to know anything about the implementation, just how to handle the end product. The Factory Method works at the level of creating a single product, such as dessert, and it can produce different concrete versions of that product (Tiramisu, Churros, etc.). The Abstract Factory takes this one step further and creates families of related or dependent products, often using the Factory Method to create the individual products within the product family. Breakdown: 1. Abstract Factory: This is an interface that declares the creation methods for a set of related or dependent products. 2. Concrete Factory: This implements the creation methods declared in the Abstract Factory and is responsible for creating a family of related products. 3. Abstract Products: These are interfaces for a set of distinct but related products that make up the product family. 4. Concrete Products: These are implementations of the abstract products but related products defined by a concrete factory. 5. Client: This is the part of the code that uses the factories to create products. The client only interacts with the abstract factories and products and doesn't need to know the implementation details of a restaurant; they only need to know that they can get an appetizer, a main course, and a dessert from different types of restaurants. Think of the Abstract Factory as a food menu that outlines the types of meals (products) you can order, like starters, main courses, desserts, and drinks (product families). A concrete factory would be a specific type of restaurant, like a Japanese or Mexican restaurant. They each have their own versions of abstract products (appetizers, main courses, and desserts). Abstract products are the categories of food items you can order from each type of restaurant. They define the structure of the various related dishes. Concrete products are the actual dishes you'd get at each specific restaurant (Sashimi, samosas, and tacos). The Client is like the customer who orders from the menu. The customer does not need to know how the dishes are prepared; they just need to know how to use the end product. Here is an implementation in Go: abstractfactory.go japaneserestaurant.go mexicanrestaurant.go indianrestaurant.go main.go In each restaurant's case, the Create... method returns a concrete type that implements the correct product interface. The client code that uses the restaurant interface does not need to know the concrete type; it just works with the product interfaces.